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For technical communicators, “User Experience” is one of the many specializations available in the field today.
But how does one become a “user experience specialist” since no such education programs exist? It’s mostly an on-the-job training process. And here is Theresa Putkey, a technical writer who describes her own experience and how she did that.
Communicators must understand both the forest and the trees, and they must constantly scan for inconsistencies. As a best practice, communicators create documentation plans that include help topics, embedded assistance, and context sensitive help. When the plan doesn’t flow, the communicator speaks up to illuminate the shortcomings of a design. (A solid plan, like a solid information architecture, highlights when a feature is problematic or just doesn’t fit.)
As a communicator moves from novice to master, emphasis moves from editing messages and button labels to the placement of those elements. Grouping fields on a form or the location of forms in a program transforms into scenarios and use cases behind those forms. This is how I started my move from technical communicator to user experience.
Along with the big picture/detail skills, communicators must be able to structure information and see the not-so-obvious structure of an interface. Structuring information starts with the documentation plan, but goes beyond that exercise. As features are fleshed out, more information becomes available and must fit into the plan. I liken it to expanding an information architecture: your architecture can be too ridged, too flexible, or appropriate and accommodating.