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We have added two new bonus documents to Week 1 of TW101 (Technical Writing 101) Online Course:
(1) Dangling Participle Worksheet with 100 “Puzzles”
A participle is an adjective that ends with “-ing” or “-ed”. Misplacement of a participle in a sentence leads to misunderstandings, and sometimes, unintended humor and embarrassment on the part of the writer.
You should avoid a dangling participle in your writing if you want to communicate your message across without any errors and want to be taken seriously by your readers.
Every sentence with a dangling participle is really a puzzle since the true meaning is twisted out of context.
Here is a classic example:
“After being diced, the cook added the onion to the omelet.”
This bonus booklet presents 100 such “puzzles,” with their solutions.
Active voice is that sentence construction where a SUBJECT is followed by a VERB and then the OBJECT of action.
SUBJECT + VERB + OBJECT
Example: “Mary loves books.”
Passive voice is constructed by starting the sentence with the OBJECT of the ACTIVE voice sentence; then following it with the appropriate form of the verb TO BE, then ending with the PAST PARTICIPLE of the main VERB. If the subject is known, you can add it to the end after “by.”
OBJECT + TO BE + PAST PARTICIPLE OF THE VERB
For example: “Books are loved (by Mary).”
Active voice is what you should be using in non-fiction to make your meaning clear. But in some journalistic, technical or scientific contexts passive voice can be used as well, especially in situations when the AGENT of action is not important.
For example: “The thief was found guilty as charged.” Here the agent of action is the “judge” since no one else is authorized in a democracy to decide whether a thief is guilty as charged or not.
This bonus booklet presents 100 active-passive voice exercises, with their solutions.